CBD products are everywhere. But do they work? You have probably run into a product or two containing CBD, also known as cannabidiol, since the signing of the “2018” Farm Bill. The bill represented a drastic change in the federal hemp policy and basically legalized it.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
The difference between hemp, marijuana, and cannabis is unclear to a lot of people. Cannabis is a family of plants. Marijuana and hemp are two separate species within the cannabis family. They look almost the same but they are very different. There is a difference in the leaves and in the concentration of THC, the chemical that induces a “high” effect.
THC concentration in marijuana exceeds 15%, but the THC levels of hemp are .03% or less. Much too low to create any psychoactive effect.
Hemp has been cultivated for centuries for a variety of industrial purposes. But more importantly, it is cultivated to produce cannabidiol (CBD), a natural health and wellness product. It does change your consciousness where you may start to feel less pain and more relaxed.
Is CBD Legal?
Yes! CBD is legal in all 50 states. It is a safe and effective option for natural wellness.
Does CBD Work?
Yes! There is preliminary evidence that CBD is effective for improving sleep, anxiety, and helps with pain management. CBD also has fewer side effects than opioids and antipsychotic medicines.
Is CBD Safe?
CBD appears to be a very safe product but may produce side effects that include nausea or fatigue. It may also interfere with other medicines, so make sure you speak with your doctor before you try it. It is non-addictive and non-intoxifying so it’s pretty benign when it comes to side effects.
Keep in mind that CBD products are not standardized in any way. If you want to try different products they will vary from brand and type. The safest way to try CBD is with a tincture so you can adjust the amount accordingly. Watch out for synthetic CBD, sometimes called “spice” or “bath salts”. These products are potentially dangerous and have no real CBD in them.
Evidence of CBD’s efficacy is growing and scientists are finding it easier to conduct research.
Different Types of CBD Oil Products
There are hundreds of CBD products on the internet but how do you decide which is right for you? It depends on how quickly you want to experience the effects, your budget, and your personal taste.
Pure CBD Oil
Pure CBD oil is going to be the most effective but will also carry a higher price tag. CBD oil tends to have the highest level of CBD and should be consumed sublingually. Sublingual administration is a way of getting medicine through the mouth. It involves placing the CBD oil beneath the tongue and it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the mucus membrane. The CBD is absorbed quickly and immediately. This is good for people who have trouble with digestion or swallowing. It is also not metabolized in the liver since it is not going into the digestive system. This is the most cost-effective way to ingest high-quality CBD oil. In fact, you may need less as opposed to eating a CBD gummy because the oil has the highest bioavailability.
What is bioavailability and how does it affect your CBD experience?
Bioavailability is how much and how fast something is absorbed into your bloodstream. Bioavailability is important to understand because it will help you to determine how much CBD to take, and in what form. To ensure the proper amount ends up in your system, you will need to experiment with different methods.
Bioavailability of CBD Oil
The bioavailability of CBD Oil depends on how you consume it. There are many different products like flavorful gummies, vaporizers, tincture oils, and topical products. Each one of these products has different bioavailability.
CBD and Vaping
According to recent studies, CBD has an intranasal bioavailability of 34-46 percent. Some studies put vaping as high as 56 percent. When CBD is inhaled, it goes directly into your bloodstream allowing it to bind to the endocannabinoid receptors all through your body. Vaping allows CBD to be absorbed quickly and efficiently through the lungs and into the bloodstream.
But many people don’t vape or are afraid of vaping complications. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2,600 people have developed lung illnesses from vaping in the last year.
The CDC traced the cases back to vitamin E acetate, which is used to dilute CBD oil. In January of last 2019, chief science officer, Brian King, warned consumers to avoid all vaping products, especially those received from illicit dealers.
CBD Oil and Sublingual Bioavailability
When CBD is administered sublingually it has a bioavailability of 13-19 percent. Some studies even put it as high as 35 percent. The sublingual method of ingesting CBD means to hold drops under the tongue. Keeping the CBD under your tongue allows it to be absorbed by the sublingual gland. The CBD enters the bloodstream and begins working within 20 minutes.
The trick is to hold the CBD under your tongue for at least 30 seconds. If you swallow it too soon, then you may as well take it orally. Letting CBD go into your digestive tract significantly lowers the bioavailability.
CBD and Oral Bioavailability
Taking CBD orally is popular because people know how to eat already. But unfortunately, oral ingestion is the least effective method. CBD gummies may be colorful and tasty but they have the lowest bioavailability and are the least effective way to ingest CBD. The oral bioavailability is as low as 6 percent.
Why is the oral bioavailability so low? Because when you eat CBD it has to go through your digestive tract before it ever gets to your bloodstream. This process can take up to 2 hours and during its journey, some of the CBD gets lost to digestion and the liver. You will have to wait longer for less of a result. Digestion may also render the CBD useless.
CBD and Topical Bioavailability
There is another way to consume CBD other than direct ingestion…topically through the skin. CBD engages directly with the endocannabinoid receptors located in your nervous system. Topical CBD provides targeted relief in certain areas like joints and muscles. CBD only interacts with local receptors and won’t enter the bloodstream. Topical CBD pain creams and balms will be ineffective in conditions with the brain and central nervous system like anxiety and stress. But it does offer pain relief if vigorously applied to a targeted area like hands, feet or back.
The bioavailability of CBD has not been calculated but it is expected to be lower than ingesting it sublingually. According to one animal study, transdermal patches of concentrated CBD was able to relieve pain and inflammation discomfort.
When taking CBD multiply the bioavailability rate by the amount of CBD in your serving. This is the “true amount” of CBD you will receive. Once you know the real amount of CBD in your method, you can adjust your amount. You need to experiment to find the right amount for you.
The Benefits of Pure CBD Oil
The most cost-effective and safe method for delivering CBD oil is sublingually (held under the tongue until absorbed). Tinctures can be used by beginners and experienced CBD aficionados.
The GREENPATH™ CBD Starter Kit is a great way to safely try CBD for the first time. It is also a foolproof way to find out exactly how much CBD you should be taking. We combined scientifically calibrated technology, with the highest-potency USA hemp-based CBD to provide the greatest benefit at the greatest value.
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